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Dub Qej Extract Noj Qab Haus Huv thiab Daim Ntawv Thov

Dub qej Extract Yog Dab Tsi?

A dub qej extract yog ib daim ntawv ntawm qej uas muab tau los ntawm fermentation thiab kev laus ntawm qej tshiab. Kev kho cov qej tshiab los tsim cov qej dub yuav siv nyob rau qhov chaw noo noo nrog siab kub txog 40 txog C txog 60°C rau kwv yees li kaum hnub.

Nrog rau cov mob no, qej muaj hnub nyoog nrawm dua thiab puv dawb mus rau xim tsaus / xim dub. Nws ntim nrog cov kab ke tseem ceeb ntawm cov vitamins thiab minerals xws li manganese, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Selenium, Vitamin B1, phosphorous, tooj liab thiab calcium.

Cov qij dub fermented tau nrov npe rau cov khoom noj muaj qab nyob rau ntau pua xyoo hauv tebchaws Thaib, Kaus Lim Qab Teb, Nyij Pooj tab sis lwm lub tebchaws xws li Taiwan, tau saws nws yav dhau los, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv cov khw nojmov siab thiab chaw noj mov. Nws yog tsuas yog siv los ntxiv cov tsw rau cov zaub mov sib txawv, suav nrog cov nqaij sib tov rau cov khoom qab zib, thiab suav hais tias yog cov zaub mov zoo dua qub vim tias nws muaj cov khoom noj antioxidant.

Dhau li txhim kho qhov saj ntawm cov zaub mov, lwm cov qej dub ntxiv cov txiaj ntsig suav nrog kev txhawb nqa kom yuag, txhim kho tawv nqaij thiab muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob. Koj tuaj yeem yuav fermented dub qej nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm dub qej extract hmoov, dub qej extract npas lossis dub qej extract kua txiv.

Dub Qej Extract Mechanism ntawm Kev Ua

Dub qej extract muaj qhov ua kom zoo uas nws ua tiav los ntawm kev txo qis TSIS TAU thiab ua kom mob cytokine ntau lawm hauv LPS-ntxias RAW264.7 hlwb. Qej lub hexane tivthaiv cell loj hlob thiab ICAM-1 thiab VCAM-1 qhia hauv TNF-α-ua kom tiav cov leeg endometrial stromal hauv koj lub cev.

Nws ntxiv qhov kev txwv, leukotrienes, cytokines pro-inflammatory cytokines raws li kev ua haujlwm ntawm COX-2 thiab 5-lipooxygenase nyob rau hauv LPS-ntxias RAW264.7 hlwb. Raws li qhov tshwm sim, ib qho kev mob tau txais tsawg dua los yog tiv thaiv los ntawm kev tshwm sim.

Thaum nws los txog rau kev ua haujlwm hauv oxidative, qej dub muaj phenols thiab flavonoids, ob qho tib si ua lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv Nrf2 kev ua haujlwm. Cov ntau lub tebchaw muab los ntawm cov qij nce cov qib kev qhia tawm ntawm mRNA hauv antioxidant enzymes zoo li HO-1, NQO1, thiab GSTs. Cov kev sib txuas, uas suav nrog tetrahydro-β-carboline derivatives, N-fructosyl glutamate, N-fructosyl arginine allixin thiab selenium, ua tiav qhov no los ntawm Nrf2 kev ua kom zoo.

Qej Dub Extract Ntau Lawm

Raws li tau hais dhau los, dub qej extract yog ua los ntawm cov qej tshiab los ntawm fermenting lub tom kawg hauv qhov chaw nruj me ntsis. Qhov chaw yuav tsum tau noo heev (nrog 80 rau 90% txheeb ze cov av noo) thiab kub npaum li 40 °C rau 60 °C. Thaum lub sijhawm ua cov txheej txheem, cov khoom sib txuas sib txawv tau tshwm sim los ntawm Maillard cov tshuaj tiv thaiv.

Nrog rau lub sijhawm, lub ib zaug dawb qej cloves darken rau hauv cov xim dub. Lawv kuj muaj kev txhim kho thiab lus qab zib tangy, syrupy, balsamic saj, chewy kev ntxhib los mos thiab lub cim tshwj xeeb.

Lub sijhawm ntawm cov txheej txheem kho yuav txawv ntawm ib tus neeg tsim khoom mus rau lwm tus tab sis ib txwm li ntawm plaub mus rau plaub caug hnub. Qhov no nyob ntawm cov kev coj noj coj ua thiab cov neeg lag luam nyiam raws li lub hom phiaj ntawm cov qej dub.

Txawm li cas los xij, raws li kev pom ntawm ib txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, 21 hnub yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws thaum kev kho qej ua tiav ntawm qhov txheeb ze ntawm 90% thiab qhov kub txog 70 60 °C. Raws li txoj kev tshawb no, cov xwm txheej thiab sijhawm kho mob ua rau muaj qhov ua kom muaj cov antioxidant ntau dua ntawm cov khoom lag luam, yog li cov qij dub ntau cov txiaj ntsig tau txais.

Qej Dub Extract Cov txiaj ntsig kev noj qab haus huv

Muaj ntau ntau qej dub muab cov txiaj ntsig kev noj qab haus huv, Xws li:

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1. Dub Qej Extract Pab nrog poob phaus

Qhov pom ntawm ib qho kev tshawb fawb nas pom tias qej dub tuaj yeem ua rau lub cev hnyav dua, qhov loj me roj cell thiab lub plab ua rog. Qhov no yog qhov qhia tau zoo ntawm cov qij dub muaj peev xwm poob phaus tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm tib neeg.

Cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj tau txhawb nqa los ntawm txoj kev tshawb nrhiav tsis ntev los no uas pom tau tias kev koom nrog qej dub tuaj yeem txhim kho koj lub cev ntau dhau los ua kom cov calories. Qhov no tuaj yeem pab koj kom poob phaus sai dua rau kev noj qab haus huv zoo dua qub thiab lub cev.

Yog li ntawd, yog tias koj rog dhau lossis tsuas yog xav kom poob phaus ntxiv, xav txog tapping rau hauv qej dub poob phaus lub zog.

Dub-Qej-Extract

2. Cov qij dub pab rau daim tawv nqaij

Cov qij dub rau cov tawv nqaij yog los ntawm qhov muaj los ntawm S- allylcysteine ​​compound hauv qej. Cov lus sib xyaw ua rau cov qij txhawm rau metabolize yooj yim kom muab koj cov tawv nqaij thiab qhov so ntawm koj lub cev zoo tiv thaiv kev kis kab mob.

Ib qho ntawm cov qij dub pab rau daim tawv nqaij yog kho pob txuv thiab tshem tawm. Pob txuv yog ib hom kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij ua rau pom khaus thiab ua pob ntxau zoo li pob ntxau ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij. Cov ntxau tshwm sim muaj qhov ntxau tawm thiab ua mob ntawm koj cov hauv paus plaub hau.

Vim tias nws cov cuab yeej tua kab mob, ua tsaug rau allicin, cov qij dub dub tua tau cov kab mob ua rau pob txuv. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws cov nyhuv anti-inflammatory pab txo qhov o thiab mob txuam nrog pob txuv.

3. Qej Dub Extract Pab nrog txhim kho lub cev

Cov kev tshawb fawb pom tau hais tias cov qij dub pab txhim kho cov roj (cholesterol) hauv cov neeg muaj teeb meem cov roj cholesterol ntau. Nws nce lipoproteins ntau-ceev (HDL), cov roj cholesterol zoo hauv ib tus neeg. Lwm cov kev tshawb fawb qhia tias nws tseem poob qis ntawm cov roj (cholesterol) phem thiab cov roj triglycerides ntau.

Dub-Qej-Extract

4.Black Qej Extract Pab Nrog Txhim kho ntshav siab

Qej dub yog ntim nrog cov tshuaj sib xyaw ua ke, cov qij dub kuj tseem yuav pab ua kom cov hlab ntshav so. Qhov kev so no ua rau txo cov ntshav siab ib yam li vim cov ntshav muaj chaw ntau kom ntws tawm ntau.

Hauv kev tshawb fawb txog 79 tus neeg mob ntshav siab, cov kws tshawb nrhiav tau teev tseg tias qhov nruab nrab ntshav siab poob qis ntawm 11.8 hli ntawm cov neeg mob uas siv cov qij noj. Cov neeg mob no tau muab kho li 12 lub lis piam kho qej kho nyob qhov twg lawv tau noj ob los yog plaub lub qej dub txhua hnub nyob rau lub sijhawm.

5. Pob Txha Nyem

Thauj khoom nrog antioxidants, qej dub tuaj yeem pab qhov mob zoo heev. Qhov no tshuav nqi rau qhov tseeb tias cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob antioxidant tswj cov phiajcim cell, yog li ua rau txo qis o. Dhau li, antioxidants neutralize teeb meem dawb radicals tam sim no nyob rau hauv koj lub cev los tiv thaiv koj lub cev hlwb los ntawm oxidative kev nyuaj siab uas ua rau lawv, yog li ua rau o.

Dub-Qej-Extract

6. Noj qab haus huv cov plaub hau

Cov qij dub rau cov plaub hau tau tau paub tib neeg txij li thaum puag thaum ub. Niaj hnub no, cov qej roj dub muaj nyob hauv ntau lub khw muag khoom kom zoo nkauj rau cov neeg uas xav kom muaj plaub hau noj qab haus huv nrog cov qij dub rau cov plaub hau. Cov roj txhawb nqa txoj kev loj hlob ntawm cov plaub hau tshiab, txiav plaub hau poob thiab txo cov plaub hau thaum thov tsis tu ncua.

Cov qij dub tau txais txiaj ntsig rau cov plaub hau qia los ntawm qhov tseeb tias qej muaj anti-microbial yam ntxwv, yog li muaj peev xwm tua cov kab mob, kab mob, fungus, thiab cab. Yog li, yog tias koj thov cov roj qej dub rau saum tawv taub hau, nws tuaj yeem tiv thaiv qhov ua tau los ntawm cov kab mob no. Yog li ntawd, koj cov plaub hau plaub hau thiab tawv taub hau tau txais kev noj qab haus huv dua.

Tsis tas li ntawd, cov qej dub rau cov plaub hau yog vim tus anti-inflammatory cuam ntawm qej. Daim ntawv thov ntawm cov qej dub cov plaub hau nyob rau saum tawv taub hau tuaj yeem txo qhov mob thiab voos nrog thiab ua kom plaub hau nrawm qee zaum.

7. Qej Dub Extract Pab nrog tiv thaiv kev mob qog noj ntshav

Raws li kev tshawb fawb Nyij Pooj tau tsim nyob rau xyoo 2007, kev siv cov qij dub tuaj yeem txo qis cov nas lub qog. Cov kws tshawb nrhiav xav tias qhov no yuav tshwm sim rau tib neeg ib yam nkaus. Txoj haujlwm no tau pom zoo nrog Kev Tshaj Xov Xwm Thoob Ntiaj Teb los ntawm Kev Tshuaj Tiv Thaiv Kab Mob. Txoj kev ntsuam xyuas pom zoo tias kev qij cov laus lub cev yog qhov cuam tshuam txog kev mob qog noj ntshav.

Tsis tas li, txoj kev tshawb fawb hauv vitro ua nyob rau xyoo 2014 tau hais tias cov kua txiv qaub qej dub tuaj yeem txo cov nyuv mob hnyuv kev loj hlob ntawm tes thiab tua cov qog nqaij hlav cancer kom zoo.

Dub-Qej-Extract

8. Dub Qej Extract Kom Saib Xyuas Lub Plawv Dhia Kev Zoo

Txhim kho lub plawv yog cov nrov npe qej dub rho cov txiaj ntsig. Hauv 2018 tus qauv tsiaj piv cov qij dub muab cov txiaj ntsig thiab qhov cuam tshuam ntawm cov qej nyoos rau lub plawv noj qab haus huv rau ib tus neeg rov qab los, cov kws tshawb nrhiav pom tias ob hom qej zoo tib yam nkaus hauv kev txo lub siab.

Dhau li, vim nws qhov kev tswj xyuas cov roj (cholesterol) muaj peev xwm, lub suab qej dub nyeem kuj tseem tuaj yeem txo cov kab mob hauv lub plawv.

Dub-Qej-Extract

9. Dub Qej Extract Pab Tau Nrog Hlwb txhim kho kev mob hlwb

Tsis tas li ntawd, qej dub kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau koj lub cim xeeb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias koj tawm tsam nrog qhov kev paub zoo xws li thiab Parkinson tus kab mob, Alzheimer tus kabmob lossis tseem dementia. Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob antioxidant tuaj yeem txo qis o lub luag haujlwm los yog cuam tshuam nrog tus mob. Raws li qhov tshwm sim, koj lub hlwb kev noj qab haus huv zoo dua qub, nrog kev nco tau zoo dua.

Lwm cov qej muab cov txiaj ntsig kev noj qab haus huv

Txij li cov qij dub rho tau lub cev tsis muaj zog, lawv kuj ua tau zoo rau:

  • Kev tiv thaiv ntshav qab zib thiab maj mam zoo
  • Kev tiv thaiv qog thiab kho mob qog noj ntshav
  • Kev kho qhov mob khaus
  • pob kws kho mob ko taw
  • mob plab cancer
  • mob rwj ua rau lub plab zom mov
  • kev tiv thaiv mob qog thiab mob ntsws
  • nyem hauv siab mob
  • cov khaub thuas tiv thaiv thiab nyem
  • poov xab ua paug
  • wart eradication

Dub-Qej-Extract

Qhov sib txawv ntawm Dub Qej thiab Qej Tshiab

Vim yog lub Maillard cov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas cov qej tshiab dhau los ua cov qij dub, nws tsis muaj qhov xav tsis thoob tias ob daim qej no txawv, tsis tsuas yog xim xim, tab sis kuj lawv cov tshuaj sib xyaw ua ke thiab saj.

Qhov hloov pauv tau yog qhov txiaj ntsig yog los ntawm kev txo qis ntawm fructans (fructose thiab qabzib) hauv cov qij thaum lub sijhawm ua. Thaum kawg, cov qej tom qab xaus li muaj qib qis dua fructan dua li cov qij uas tsis tau ua tiav. Xav tias cov fructans yog cov tsw tseem ceeb ua khoom noj, lawv cov nyiaj tsawg, yog li ntawd, txhais tau tias qej dub yuav tsis muaj tsw ntau tshaj li qhov tshiab.

Lub tsw ntawm dub qej extract yog tsis muaj zog li cov qej tshiab; cov qub yog sweeter tangy, syrupy thiab balsamic. Ntawm qhov tod tes, tom kawg lub zog muaj zog ntau thiab ntau qhov kev tawm tsam. Qhov no yog vim hais tias dub qej muaj qis dua cov ntsiab lus allicin. Thaum cov txheej txheem kev laus, qee cov allicin hauv qej tshiab hloov mus rau hauv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv antioxidant xws li diallyl sulfide, ajoene, diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide zoo li dithiins.

Vim yog qhov hloov pauv hauv cov cuab yeej physicochemical, qej dub muaj qhov siab dua ntawm kev siv tshuaj lom neeg, piv txwv li, cov khoom siv antioxidant, dua li cov qej tshiab. Cov sib txuas muaj nyob hauv qej dub, xws li S-allylcysteine ​​(SAC) muaj txiaj ntsig ntau dua li piv rau cov qij tshiab.

Pom zoo, dub qej extract yog siab dua hauv oxidants, calories, fiber ntau thiab hlau thiab hlau zoo li piv rau qej nyoos. Ntawm qhov tod tes, cov qej nyoos muaj cov vitamin C ntau dua, carbs thiab allicin dua li cov ntawv qej ua tiav.

Yuav kom paub meej, ob daim qej nyoos muaj li 25 calories, 3 mg sodium, 5.6 g carbohydrates, 1 protein protein, 0.1 g rog, 0.4 g kev noj haus fiber, 5.2 mg vitamin C, 30 mg calcium thiab 0.3 mg hlau. Hauv kev sib piv, cov qij dub tib yam muaj 40 calories, 4g carbs, 1g protein, 2g rog, rog 1g, 160mg sodium, 0.64mg hlau, 2.2mg vitamin C thiab calcium 20 milligrams.

Qhov sib txawv ntawm Dub Qej thiab Qej Tshiab

Vim yog lub Maillard cov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas cov qej tshiab dhau los ua cov qij dub, nws tsis muaj qhov xav tsis thoob tias ob daim qej no txawv, tsis tsuas yog xim xim, tab sis kuj lawv cov tshuaj sib xyaw ua ke thiab saj.

Qhov hloov pauv tau yog qhov txiaj ntsig yog los ntawm kev txo qis ntawm fructans (fructose thiab qabzib) hauv cov qij thaum lub sijhawm ua. Thaum kawg, cov qej tom qab xaus li muaj qib qis dua fructan dua li cov qij uas tsis tau ua tiav. Xav tias cov fructans yog cov tsw tseem ceeb ua khoom noj, lawv cov nyiaj tsawg, yog li ntawd, txhais tau tias qej dub yuav tsis muaj tsw ntau tshaj li qhov tshiab.

Lub tsw ntawm dub qej extract yog tsis muaj zog li cov qej tshiab; cov qub yog sweeter tangy, syrupy thiab balsamic. Ntawm qhov tod tes, tom kawg lub zog muaj zog ntau thiab ntau qhov kev tawm tsam. Qhov no yog vim hais tias dub qej muaj qis dua cov ntsiab lus allicin. Thaum cov txheej txheem kev laus, qee cov allicin hauv qej tshiab hloov mus rau hauv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv antioxidant xws li diallyl sulfide, ajoene, diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide zoo li dithiins.

Vim yog qhov hloov pauv hauv cov cuab yeej physicochemical, qej dub muaj qhov siab dua ntawm kev siv tshuaj lom neeg, piv txwv li, cov khoom siv antioxidant, dua li cov qej tshiab. Cov sib txuas muaj nyob hauv qej dub, xws li S-allylcysteine ​​(SAC) muaj txiaj ntsig ntau dua li piv rau cov qij tshiab.

Pom zoo, dub qej extract yog siab dua hauv oxidants, calories, fiber ntau thiab hlau thiab hlau zoo li piv rau qej nyoos. Ntawm qhov tod tes, cov qej nyoos muaj cov vitamin C ntau dua, carbs thiab allicin dua li cov ntawv qej ua tiav.

Yuav kom paub meej, ob daim qej nyoos muaj li 25 calories, 3 mg sodium, 5.6 g carbohydrates, 1 protein protein, 0.1 g rog, 0.4 g kev noj haus fiber, 5.2 mg vitamin C, 30 mg calcium thiab 0.3 mg hlau. Hauv kev sib piv, cov qij dub tib yam muaj 40 calories, 4g carbs, 1g protein, 2g rog, rog 1g, 160mg sodium, 0.64mg hlau, 2.2mg vitamin C thiab calcium 20 milligrams.

Dub Qej Extract Dosage

Txawm hais tias koj xav noj dub qej extract pob, dub qej extract haus, lossis dub qej extract nrog bentong qhiav, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas koj ua raws li cov koob tshuaj pom zoo. Hauv ntau li ntau cov qej dub yog cov khoom siv ntuj tsim, nws yuav ua rau muaj qee qhov tsis zoo yog tias siv ntau dhau los.

rau qej dub extract hmoov ua kom qej dub extract kua txiv los sis dub qej extract kua txiv lossis ntxiv rau koj pluas noj, siv ntxhib 1/3 tsp ntawm cov hmoov ib zaug ib hnub. Qhov ntau npaum no tseem siv tau thaum koj xav siv dub qej extract nrog bentong qhiav. Tsis li koj tuaj yeem ua raws li koj tus kws kho mob sau.

Xav paub ntau npaum li cas qej dub noj ib hnub? Zoo, tsis muaj cov pov thawj tshawb nrhiav pom los txiav txim ntau npaum li cas qej dub noj ib hnub. Txawm li cas los xij, cov kev tshawb fawb sib txawv thiab cov neeg siv tshuaj xyuas tau hais tias 5-10 daim (cloves) tauj ib hnub yog ib qho zoo thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb ntau.

Yog tias koj xav noj dub qej extract npas lossis ntsiav tshuaj, qhov kev siv ntau tshaj plaws yog 200mg. Txog ntawm Dub Qej Extract Tonic Kub, nrov dub qej extract kua txiv, cov koob tshuaj pom zoo yog 70ml rau ib hnub.

Puas yog Dub Qej Extract Tsis Nyab Xeeb?

Dub qej extract feem ntau muaj kev nyab xeeb rau tib neeg kev noj thiab txawm tias siv tshuaj pleev. Txawm li cas los xij, raws li kev pabcuam ntawm qhov ncauj, nws tuaj yeem ua tau ua rau mob plab zom mov, tab sis qhov no tshwm sim hauv qee qhov xwm txheej tsawg. Yog li no, yog tias koj muaj teeb meem mob plab lossis hnyuv keeb kwm, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob ua ntej noj cov tshuaj extract lossis lwm yam ntxiv hais cov kws tshaj lij khoom noj khoom haus ntawm GoldBee.com.

Tsis tas li, qhov ncauj loj ntawm cov extract tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb rau menyuam yaus, thaum daim ntawv thov tshuaj yuav ua rau hlawv-zoo li kev puas tsuaj ntawm tus menyuam daim tawv nqaij. Cov ntawv thov pleev tseem tuaj yeem ua rau tawv nqaij tawv thaum ua rau tus poj niam cev xeeb tub.

Dub-Qej-Extract

Qej Dub Extract Daim Ntawv Thov

1. Kev txhim kho saj zaub mov

Ib yam li cov qej nyoos, cov qij dub tawm yog siv rau kev ua noj ua haus qhov twg ntxiv rau hauv cov tais diav savory ntau. Nws tsoo tawm ntawm cov zaub mov tsw.

2. Tshuaj pleev ib ce

Vim nws cov khoom tiv thaiv thiab tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob mob, cov khoom siv tawm yog siv cov khoom tseem ceeb hauv ntau cov khoom siv tshuaj pleev ib ce. Cov tshuaj pleev ib ce khoom uas nws muaj txiaj ntsig hauv kev tiv thaiv pob txuv lossis txhim kho kev txhim kho plaub hau, ntawm lwm cov txiaj ntsig.

3. Kev txhawb nqa kev noj qab haus huv

Cov qej dub ntxiv txhim kho lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob. Xws li, cov extract tau siv los ua cov tshuaj uas pab tib neeg kom nyob deb ntawm ntau hom kab mob.

Dub Qej Extract Tshuaj Txhawb Nqa

Dub qej extract tshuaj ntxiv tuaj nyob rau hauv ntau hom xws li dub qej extract hmoov, dub qej extract npas lossis dub qej extract kua txiv. Ib qho ntawm cov tshuaj mus los ntawm lub npe Dub Qej Extract Tonic Kub, uas yog dub qej extract kua txiv.

xaus

Dub qej extract yog cov khoom lag luam ntawm fermented nyoos qej. Muaj nyob hauv daim foos dub qej extract hmoov, dub qej extract pob los yog dub qej extract kua txiv. Qee cov txiaj ntsig ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuab no tau txhim kho lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, tiv thaiv cov plaub hau, ua kom tawv nqaij thiab ua kom laus dua thiab poob ceeb thawj. Cov khoom siv tawm yog siv ntau qhov chaw, suav nrog kev ua noj ua haus thiab kev lag luam kho kom zoo nkauj.

References

Banerjee S., Mukherjee PK, Maulik S. Qij ua cov tshuaj antioxidant: Qhov zoo, qhov phem thiab dab tuag. Phytother. Res. Xyoo 2003; 17: 97–106.

Ha AW, Ying T., Kim WK Cov teebmeem ntawm qej dub (Allium satvium) tshuaj ntsuab ntawm lipid metabolism hauv nas noj cov zaub mov muaj roj ntau. Txiv ntoo. Res. Xyaum. Xyoo 2015; 9: 30–36

Kang O.-J. Kev soj ntsuam ntawm melanoidins tsim los ntawm qej dub tom qab sib txawv ua cov kauj ruam. Yav dhau los. Txiv ntoo. Khoom noj khoom haus Sci. 2016; 21: 398

Kim DG, Kang MJ, Hong SS, Choi YH, Shin JH Antiinflammatory teebmeem ntawm lub luag haujlwm nquag sib cais sib cais los ntawm cov qij dub. Phytother. Res. 2017; 31: 53–61

Milner J. Phau Ntawv Teev Cov Tshuaj Noj Ntxiv. Marcel Dekker; New York, NY, USA: 2005. Qej (Allium sativum) pp. 229–240.

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2020-05-14 Lwm Pawg, Pov Pob, Nootropics, cov khoom siv, tshuaj
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